viernes, 12 de enero de 2018

TRINITY ISE II Practice Tests / Exámenes Prácticos de TRINITY ISE II

Hi my dear friends, today, we are going to continue with some English Practice Tests. We will do the first test of the Reading and Writing examination to obtain the Trinity College ISE II Certificate, B2 level. I hope you'll do it to know what it is about! You may need to prepare it!
The Reading and Writing Module consists of 4 different parts (Tasks) and in the real exam you'll have "2 hours to do it" 

Task 1 Long Reading (20 minutes)
Task 2 Multi-text reading (20 minutes)
Task 3 Reading into writing (40 minutes)
Task 4 Extended reading (20 minutes)

Hola mis queridos amigos, hoy, vamos a continuar con algunos tests prácticos de Inglés. Haremos la primera prueba del "Reading and Writing" (lectura y escritura") para obtener el Certificado Oficial ISE II del Trinity College, nivel B2. Espero que lo hagáis para saber cómo es por si necesitáis prepararlo. 
El módulo de Reading and Writing consta de 4 partes diferentes llamadas "Tasks" y en el examen real tendréis 2 horas para hacerlo.



Reading and Writing module.
Task 1 - Long Reading.  Read the following text about "Little people with big problems" and answer the 15 questions.

Paragraph 1.  No one knows exactly how many of them there are, but estimates suggest that between one quarter and half a million pygmies live in Central Africa, in and around the Congo rainforest. Together the various groups of Congo Pygmies make up the largest population of traditional hunter-gatherers left on Earth. They survive off the wild products, the animals and plants, as nature puts in the environment around them. Or, at least, they used to before we interfered. Now the pygmy people are being forced out of the rainforest by both the Bantu and the men from the West.

Paragraph 2.  The term "pygmy" was originally used by the Ancient Greeks to describe a group of small people they believed lived in Ethiopia. Many hundreds of years later, when European explorers arrived in Central Africa, they used this same term to label the small forest people they found living there. These jungle people were not only very short in height  (typically under five feet tall) but also very small in build. In contrast, the other native Africans, the Bantu, were similar in both build and height to the Europeans themselves.

Paragraph 3.   It is known exactly why the pygmies developed such small body frames. One theory suggests it was due to the lack of natural light in the rainforests. This meant the forest people did not get enough calcium for proper bone growth so they developed smaller skeletons. Another theory claims the pygmies are small because they have naturally adapted to forest live over hundreds of years. It is after all, easier to travel through thick jungle if you are short and thin. One thing that's not small, however, is the pygmy love of music. In fact, this is enormous. Music is a huge part of daily life and not just for entertainment purposes; there are songs for specific events and for activities, such as hunting, too.

Paragraph 4.   The Baka Pygmies of Cameroon, one of the largest pygmy groups, have little to sing about these days, though. They, like the most of their people, are under attack. Deforestation is one big issue. For this, both the Bantu and the European are to blame. Thousands of pygmies have been forced from their homes, only to see the forests and their way of life destroyed. And then there is war. The pygmies are often caught in the middle of fights between rival Bantu groups.

Paragraph 5.   Struggling pygmies are forced to move into built-up areas. Here, in the larger villages and towns of Cameroon, they can only find the lowest-paid jobs. They live in poverty and are often victims of unfair treatment by the locals. To make matters worse, the pygmies have been exposed to new diseases here too, causing the population further harm. And they have little access to medical assistance, which makes the  situation even more serious. It is not just the Baka Pygmies that are in crisis, either. Pygmies across Africa are facing there same issues. Their jungle home is being destroyed at an alarming rate so is their culture and way of life.

QUESTIONS  1-5.  Choose the best title for each paragraph from A-F. There is one tilte you don't need.

Paragraph  1 ____     A. Suggestions for how the pymy people developed and an important part of                                        their culture.
Paragraph  2 ____     B. How the pygmy people got their name and what they look like.
Paragraph  3 ____     C. Important parts of pygmy culture and their different animal-hunting methods.
Paragraph  4 ____     D. How the pygmy people are struggling to adapt to the threats they face.
Paragraph  5 ____     E. Where in Africa the pygmy people live and their traditional way of life.
                                  F. Serious threats facing one specific group of pygmies in Africa.

QUESTIONS 6-10.  Choose the five statements from A-H that are TRUE according to the information given in the text.

6 ____ A. The Bantu people of Africa are much shorter than Europeans.
7 ____ B. The Baka Pygmies don't like music and they don't sing.
8 ____ C. Pygmies in urban areas have low incomes.
9 ____ D. Fighting between different groups of pygmies has harmed their way of life.
10____E. Pygmies are typically shorter and thinner than Bantu people.
            F. There is not an accurate figure for the number of pygmies living in Africa.
            G. The cutting down of forests where pygmies live is the fault of both local Africans and                      Europeans.
            H. One theory for why pygmies are short suggests it may be because there is not much                        sunshine in the forests where they live.

QUESTIONS 11-15.  Complete the sentences with an exact word, phrase or number from the text (maximum 3 words).
11. Some _____________ put the figure of Congo Pygmies that live in Central Africa as high as one quarter and half a million.
12. _________________ gave the pygmies their name when they first visited Africa.
13. A lack of calcium may have caused pygmies to develop __________________.
14. Destruction of forests is a _______________ for the Baka Pygmies.
15. Pygmies in built-up areas have suffered from _____________ they never had before, damaging their health and population numbers.



**Questions 1-5.  1 E  /  2 B  /  3 A  /  4 F  /  5 D

**Questions 6-10.   6 C  /  7 E  /  8 F  /  9 G  /  10 H  /

**Questions 11-15.  11 estimates  /  12 European explorers  /  13 smaller skeletons  /  14 big issue  /  15 (new) diseases.


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